Infertility means a couple isn’t able to become pregnant after 1 year of getting regular, unprotected sex. Infertility can affect both women and men. a lady is taken into account infertile if she has tried for 1 year to urge pregnant and hasn’t used contraception .A person is taken into account infertile if he has too few sperm or his sperm are too unhealthy to combine with a woman’s egg. Many couples don’t have trouble becoming pregnant. Unfortunately, there are factors that may make it difficult for some.
Infertility treatment is predicated on the reason for your infertility. For women, treatment may include medicine or surgery. the foremost common medicines used to treat female infertility stimulate the ovaries. This helps the ovaries produce more eggs and increases the possibilities of getting pregnant. Surgery are often done if there are blockages or problems with the fallopian tubes. It is also used to remove areas of endometriosis, fibroids, polyps, or scarring, which all can affect fertility.
Men are often treated with medicine and surgery. If they need male erecticle dysfunction or problems ejaculating, medicine could also be prescribed. If they need varicoceles within the testicles or issues with blockages within the tubes that carry sperm, those are often repaired with surgery.
Early pregnancy assessment, growth scans as well as NT scan with double marker, TIFFA scan, Quadruple marker, Doppler study scan are some of the scanning methods that thoroughly examine the fetus and counsel in detail about the precautions to be taken according pregnancy. In women who are being treated for infertility, the uterus is examined by 3D Pelvis scanning and the ovaries are counted with Antral Follicular Count (AFC) to determine the time of ovulation in Follicular Scanning .
Antral Follicle Count (AFC) test:
We use a transvaginal ultrasound to urge a clearer check out your ovaries. Antral follicles are small, fluid-filled sacs that house immature eggs until they’re released into the Fallopian tube . We wish to see an AFC > 10 follicles, and, usually, more is best .
Low AFC count: A low AFC count often confirms low-Anti-müllerian hormone results, indicating you’ve got diminished ovarian reserve. Egg freezing is an option if we’re ready to retrieve enough eggs, or we can also mention the chance of using an egg donor when you’re able to start a family.
High AFC count: A normal to high AFC count means you’ve got many eggs available for retrieval. This increases your chance of fertility success if there aren’t other infertility factors in place; high-AFC counts also increase your chances of IVF success if you freeze your eggs and pursue IVF afterward .